Talks and Rumours about an Amazing phenomenon and Discovery About Diamond Raining on Uranus and Neptune has been in trends for quite a while now, but there wasn’t any proof to support the statement being true.
Uranus(left) and Neptune(right)
Not until when a group of researchers mimicked the same experiment in their labs.They were successful in creating the environment found inside these planets by creating shock waves in plastic with an intense laser and are able to produce diamond rain in the experiment for the first time ever.
What made Scientist and Researchers to think about such an idea ?
The extreme pressure on these planets were so intense that they helped Scientist and Researchers to predict the design and structure of the diamonds being formed which eventually helped them get results and enough proof to support the idea of Diamonds being Raining on Uranus and Neptune both.
Also, the research mechanism was limited as our satellites are unable to send probes into the planets core and surface due to extreme pressure points in the atmosphere.
“We can’t go inside the planets and look at them, so these laboratory experiments complement satellite and telescope observations,” Kraus said.
Size Of Diamonds ?
The diamond structures created in lab conditions were only up to a few nanometers wide. Researchers predict that diamonds would become much larger on Neptune and Uranus and slowly sink through the planets’ ice layers.
When was the research Published ?
The research was published in Nature Astronomy on August 21.
How were the experiments being carried out ?
Earlier experiments failed to capture measurements in real time, due to the fact that these tiny diamonds form only for very brief time in the laboratory. However, researchers were able to see hints of diamond formation and were able to continue ahead.
“Previously, researchers could only assume that the diamonds had formed,” said lead researcher Dominik Kraus. “When I saw the results of this latest experiment, it was one of the best moments of my scientific career.”
In the latest effort, researchers used high-powered x-ray laser to create pairs of shock waves in the plastic with the correct combination of temperature and pressure and actually watched the making of diamonds for the first time.
LCLS, the Brightest X-ray Source ?
LCLS is a DOE Office of Science User Facility. “For this experiment, we had LCLS, the brightest X-ray source in the world,” said co-author Professor Siegfried Glenzer. “You need these intense, fast pulses of X-rays to unambiguously see the structure of these diamonds, because they are only formed in the laboratory for such a very short time.”
“Simulations don’t really capture what we’re observing in this field,” said Glenzer. “Our study and others provide evidence that matter clumping in these types of high-pressure conditions is a force to be reckoned with.”
Images: Google Images